Guillaume Renouard, Author at Julie Desk
Artificial Intelligence

The AI assistant of tomorrow: A Global Brain?

Today, artificial intelligence excels in accomplishing specific tasks. Even still, tech giants dream of virtual assistants capable of doing everything by working in tandem with connected objects and specialized AI to transform the lives of users.

When we think of AI, we automatically think of general AI, capable of surpassing the human brain with the help of a computer program. Today's headlines envision nothing but catastrophe at the idea. But the reality is more complex.

In the summer of 1955, scientists John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, Nathan Rochester and Claude Shannon posited that “The study (of AI) should be based on the conjecture that any aspect of learning or intelligence can be described in such a way that it can be replicated.” Based on an innovative approach on human cognitive abilities as applied to machines, their report pioneered the discipline of AI assistants.

Artificial Intelligence

When Robots and Humans Work Hand in Hand

Recent progress in Artificial Intelligence has given rise to fears of technological unemployment, when a large part of the population will be replaced by robots in the workplace. That said, a number of companies operating in the sector are proving that these machines are meant to work with humans rather than replace them. 

On Saturday, May 27, Google’s AlphaGo faced off for the third time with world-renowned professional Go player, Ke Jie of China. Go is a board game, known for its complexity, it has long been considered too difficult for a computer to play because the number of possible combinations needed to win is much greater than the number of possible failures. However, AlphaGo surprised the public last year when it played head-to-head with one of the best players in the world, Lee Sedol of Korea. And after defeating Ke Jie 3 to 0 this weekend, the software has essentially proven its superiority. Some may recall the theory of the Singularity, a subject often defended by American entrepreneur and futurist Ray Kurzweil, and will see this as proof that no task is too difficult for AI, and that suchprogramming will surpass human intelligence in all sectors.

Artificial Intelligence

Does Artificial Intelligence need a PR consultant ?

Unsatisfied with media coverage concerning artificial intelligence, researcher Zachary C. Lipton launched the blog Approximately Correct to do justice to his subject. According to Lipton, media coverage of artificial intelligence is based on approximate data and discusses speculative prophecies to the detriment of the true nature of AI innovation.

In an article entitled “AI’s PR problem,” Jerry Kaplan, an entrepreneur, writer and futurist based in San Francisco, posits that Artificial intelligence is the victim of fantastic exaggerations and misconceptions of all kinds. According to Kaplan, recent progress made in this sector has been susceptible to embellishment by the media giving it a false image. Because of this, technical advances as diverse as AlphaGo, self-driving cars and voice-activated virtual assistants such as Siri and Alexa, are synonymous with the progressive development of super intelligence that is on its way to surpassing even the human mind.

Artificial Intelligence

Towards an ethical Artificial Intelligence

With the increasing presence of autonomous agents in our daily lives, Artificial Intelligence specialists propose to implement a set of ethical rules to allow them to realize the extent of their actions. Others seek the establishment of a right for robots as a way to resolve the emerging legal issues.

Among the numerous articles dedicated to autonomous cars today, one particular thought experiment resurfaces often: the trolley problem. Adapted to self-driving cars, it is usually presented as follows: an autonomous car, with a person onboard, sees five pedestrians suddenly appear in its path. The only way to avoid them is for the car to send itself off the road, crashing and therefore causing its passenger’s death. Faced with this Cornelian dilemma, what choice does the Artificial Intelligence control software have to make? This thought experiment is anything but science-fiction. Many American states have already authorized some manufacturers to test their autonomous vehicles on their roads (with a human driver, ready to intervene and take over if necessary). Tesla’s commercial vehicles are equipped with an auto-pilot mode, which allows the car to self-drive under certain conditions (like on a highway where the driving is easy). This subject does not only apply to autonomous cars: from virtual assistants (Siri, Cortana, Google Now…) to humanoid robots, Artificial Intelligence increasingly inserts itself into our daily lives. Given this reality, many are those who insist on the importance of setting up ethical rules to supervise Artificial Intelligence.

[caption id="attachment_4239" align="aligncenter" width="660"] A Tesla[/caption]

Artificial Intelligence

Chatbots to best manage your finances

Chatbots are taking over in the financial field and they act as personalized bank advisors or virtual piggy banks.

 

Recent advancements in AI have lead to the rise in Chatbots. These conversational agents are able to have written or spoken communication with humans and provide access to a large number of services. Whether you are booking a flight with the help of Alexa, Amazon Echo’s voice-enabled virtual assistant or ordering yourself an Uber using Siri, Apple’s intelligent personal assistant, it’s all possible nowadays. This technology is beginning to expand in the banking sector. In fact, there is a rise in chatbots that promise a better customer service experience, quicker transactions or an assistance to spendthrifts so they can save money regularly.